Sorption-based air conditioning for battery-driven electric busses
Strong regulations regarding noise and air pollution in urban areas promote the electrification of public transport. For battery-driven electric vehicles (BEV), air conditioning is still an unsolved problem. Since waste heat of a combustion engine is not available, the passenger compartment has to be heated by other means on cold days (winter case). On hot days (summer case), cooling and dehumidification has to be provided by an air-conditioning unit driven by the battery. Using a standard compressor-based heat pump, the electrical power consumption for heating and air conditioning can be as high as for traction. Thus, the range of BEV is severely decreased.
As a possible solution for this dilemma, we propose a sorption-based air-conditioning unit. This unit is able to provide heating, cooling and dehumidification while being locally emission-free. At the same time, the sorption-based unit only needs a fraction of electrical power compared to a compressor-based air-conditioning system.Copyright: LTT
The proposed sorption-based air-conditioning unit is developed by four institutes of RWTH Aachen University, covering all scales from the nanometre to kilometre: The ITMC develops tailored sorption materials, which the LTT is using for the design of the sorption-based air-conditioning unit. The ISEA takes care of the integration of the air-conditioning unit into the bus and the charging of the system, while the ISB analyzes the effects of charging times on the bus schedule and the public-transport grid.
Funded by the Excellence Initiative of the German federal and state governments.
Exploratory Research Space – ERS