Sorption Systems Engineering
The sorption systems engineering group investigates various energy and process engineering applications focusing on sorption-based technologies. In sorption, fluids (sorptives) are attached to liquids (absorption) or solids (adsorption). On the one hand, this phenomenon can be used directly to separate fluids in process engineering. On the other hand, heat is released as a result of this attachment, which can be utilized in energy engineering. The occurring loading processes can be reversed by, e.g., introducing heat.
Currently, the scientific focus lies on researching adsorption phenomena as well as developing and optimizing the technical application. The adsorbents studied include zeolites, SWS ("Selective Water Sorbents"), silica gel, activated carbons, and MOFs (Metal-Organic Frameworks). The studied sorptives primarily include water, ethanol, methanol, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and nitrogen.
The wide range of applications for adsorption technology includes, among others, the exploitation of regenerative energies for heating, drying, cooling, and air-conditioning purposes, as well as for the production of drinking water or the separation of fluids. Energy-engineering adsorption applications include heat pumps, heat transformers, and thermal energy storage systems to provide heating and cooling. Process-engineering adsorption applications include adsorption columns for dehumidification, separation of CO2, or generally for gas separation.
In their research projects, the sorption systems engineering group uses experiments as well as modeling, simulation, and optimization tools to develop and analyze technical applications. Currently, a particular focus lies on the provision of cooling, heat transformation to higher temperatures, and direct capture of CO2 from ambient air (Direct Air Capture, DAC) by adsorption. The current projects are characterized by close cooperation with various industrial partners.
Further research objectives include gaining comprehensive knowledge of the caloric and thermodynamic properties of the adsorbents: This includes both adsorbents available on the market as well as new developments. For this purpose, the adsorbents are investigated in specially developed test rigs, and the results are compiled in substance databases and used for model validation.